[65]:16, The Cuyo region includes the provinces of Mendoza, San Juan, and San Luis. Arid Sections. Aerial views of the Pampas, east-central Argentina. CLIMATE OF THE CENTER OF ARGENTINA. This is caused by a longitudinal rain shadow zone (created when air masses lose their moisture while passing over high mountains) on the eastern side of the Andes. [120]:71–72 One defining characteristic is the strong winds from the west which blow year round (stronger in summer than in winter). Daher kann auch nicht von einem einheitlichen, bestimmenden Klima in Argentinien gesprochen werden. Windstorms (pamperos) with thunder, lightning, and hail are common. [54]:18 Furthermore, the intertropical convergence zone (or doldrums) reaches the region during the summer months, leading to enhanced precipitation. [119] In general, mountainous areas are the cloudiest, and coastal areas are cloudier than inland areas. [53], The atmospheric circulation is controlled by the two semi–permanent South Atlantic and South Pacific highs,[54]:18 and the Chaco Low. your own Pins on Pinterest Since that time mestizos from Chile, Bolivia, and Paraguay have grown numerous in bordering regions, but only since the late 20th century has there been substantial immigration from Paraguay and Uruguay into the urban areas of Argentina. [15] Argentina also claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas), and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (Spanish: Georgias del Sur y Sandwich del Sur). [40] As such, most of Mendoza and San Juan Provinces receive the lowest annual precipitation, with mean summer precipitation averaging less than 100 mm (4 in) and in rare cases, no summer rainfall. [121], Being exposed to strong westerly winds can decrease the perception of temperature (wind chill), particularly in summer. [57] It is distributed irregularly owing to the country's topography although it generally decreases from east to west. In the Gran Chaco were the Guaycuruan-speaking peoples, among others. Topographie Argentiniens. The largest area—the steppe region—lies in northern Patagonia between the Colorado River and the port city of Comodoro Rivadavia. In 1869 the foreign-born made up 12 percent of the population; this grew to about one-third by 1914, and in large cities foreigners outnumbered natives by as much as 2 to 1. [100] Heat waves that can bring temperatures in the 36 to 40 °C (97 to 104 °F) range for a few days. Each region contains the following departments. [20] With mean summer temperatures reaching 28 °C (82 °F), the region has the hottest summers in the country. [50] Although Santiago del Estero Province is part of northwest Argentina, much of the province lies in the Chaco region. [121] Northeastern areas, along with southern parts of the region, are influenced by air masses from the Atlantic Ocean, resulting in precipitation being more evenly distributed throughout the year. The humid lowlands of eastern Argentina, especially along the rivers of the Rio de la Plata system, resemble the Mississippi Valley. Vegetations- und Klimazonen. Located on a high-altitude plateau at the edge of the Andes Mountains, the province is responsible for roughly 70 percent of the country's annual wine production. On 10 December 2019, Alberto Fernández was sworn in as the President of Argentina, replacing Mauricio Macri. La Rioja / Argentinien", "Provincia de Catamarca - Clima Y Meteorologia: Datos Meteorologicos Y Pluviometicos", "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas", "Multi Hazard Scenarios in the Mendoza/San Juan Provinces, Cuyo Region Argentina", "Provincia de San Luis–Clima Y Metéorologia", "Provincia de Mendoza–Clima Y Metéorologia", "Provincia de San Juan–Clima Y Metéorologia", "The severe zonda wind event of 11 July 2006 east of the Andes Cordillera (Argentine): a case study using the BRAMS model", "Analysis of Three Situations of the Foehn Effect over the Andes (Zonda Wind) using the Eta–CPTEC Regional Model", 10.1175/1520-0434(2003)18<481:AOTSOT>2.0.CO;2, "Influence of the Subtropical Andes on Baroclinic Disturbances: A Cold Front Case Study", "San Luis Aero Climate Normals 1961–1990", "Provincia de Mendoza – Clima Y Meteorologia", "Late Pleistocene and early Holocene hunter-gatherers of the Pampas and Patagonia, Argentina and Chile", "Klimatafel von Rosario, Prov. Argentina: facts, history, economics, geography,climate, 1. [9][64] This results in the Puna region having a water deficit in all months. Climate charts for other regions in Argentina › Cordoba › Chubut › Rio Negro › Neuquen › Buenos Aires › Chaco › San Luis › Santa Fe › Santa Cruz › La Pampa › Tierra del Fuego › Catamarca › Corrientes › Mendoza › Jujuy › Formosa › Buenos Aires F.D. The highest Andean peaks have permanent snow and ice cover. A beach holiday can also be enjoyed in the warmer season, but water temperatures will not reach much more than 19 °C. https://mibuenosairesquerido.com/en/argentina/argentina-geography 1. Buenos Aires, located on the northern edge of the Pampas, has a climate similar to that of cities in the southeastern United States, with hot, humid summers and cool, mild winters. The range of mean temperatures for summer months (December to February) is about 72–75 °F (22–24 °C), whereas that for winter months (June to August) is about 46–55 °F (8–13 °C). During winter, stationary fronts bring long rainy periods. [121] Winters have a more uniform temperature distribution. [11] From north to south, these regions are Northwest, Chaco, Northeast, Cuyo/Monte, Pampas, and Patagonia. Argentina is the only place in the Southern Hemisphere with an extensive portion of arid eastern coastline. Santa Fé / Argentinien", "Station 87585 Buenos Aires Observatorio", "Klimatafel von Mar del Plata (Flugh. Thanks to its mild climate, fertile soils, and proximity to where Argentina's cattle industry began, the Buenos Aires temperate region is the country's most populated. Coarse bunchgrasses are common in the dry steppe, which also supports dense scrub forests intermixed with prickly pear, barrel, and many other types of cactus. Argentina's mountainous and foothill regions, including the Andes, La Rioja and San Juan, all feature a dry climate, which turns cold and windy in the Patagonian Andes. Northern parts of the country[note 2] are characterized by hot, humid summers with mild, drier winters, and highly seasonal precipitation. Away from the coast, areas on the plateaus have large daily and annual temperature ranges. Some provinces span more than one of these regions. Lying between those is the Pampas region, featuring a mild and humid climate. The temperate climate is interrupted by a long, narrow north-south band of semiarid to arid conditions and by tundra and polar conditions in the high Andes and in southern portions of Tierra del Fuego. [54]:20 Most of the precipitation comes from the east since the Andes block most moisture from the Pacific Ocean. › Overview: Climate in Argentina › Duration of daylight and sunshine in Argentina [88][89] This wind often occurs before the passage of a cold front across Argentina, and tends to occur when a low pressure system brings heavy rain to the Chilean side, and when an upper-level trough allows the winds to pass over the Andes to descend downwards. [35] Eastern parts of Jujuy Province, Salta Province, and Tucumán Province, and northern parts of Córdoba Province and Santa Fe Province are part of the region. the precipitation exceeds the potential evapotranspiration). Tropical air masses only occasionally invade the provinces of Formosa and Misiones in the extreme north. [20][21]:12[25] The mean January temperature throughout most of the region is 25 °C (77 °F) except in the uplands of Misiones Province where they are lower owing to its higher elevation. [57], As moist air reaches the eastern slopes of the mountains, it rises and cools adiabatically, leading to the formation of clouds that generate copious amounts of rain. Argentina - Argentina - Climate: Argentina lies almost entirely within the temperate zone of the Southern Hemisphere, unlike the rest of the continent to the north, which lies within the tropics. [21][53][54]:20[56] The Chaco Low attracts air masses from the South Pacific High, creating a dry and cold wind, particularly during winter. In the Cuyo region, the Andes obstruct the path of rain-bearing clouds from the Pacific Ocean; moreover, its latitude coincides with the subtropical high. Almost half of the European immigrants in the late 19th and early 20th centuries were Italian, and about one-third were Spanish. Nothing remains outside the possibilities offered by the types of climate in Argentina. [30] Snowfall is extremely rare; when it does snow, it usually lasts for only a day or two. Nearly unattractive for tourists are the cold months from May to September. [119] During winter, both the South Pacific and South Atlantic highs move to the north, while the Subpolar Low strengthens, which, when combined with higher ocean temperatures than the surrounding land, results in higher precipitation during this time of the year. [57] Without the Andes, the climate of northwest Argentina would have been arid and resembled that of northern Chile. According to the prevailing climate, the country is divided into mild, sub-tropical and arid regions. Mesopotamia, located in northeast Argentina, has a subtropical climate with no dry season and is characterized by high temperatures and abundant rainfall because of exposure to moist easterly winds from the Atlantic Ocean throughout the year. [38] The interaction between the South Atlantic High and the Chaco Low generates a pressure gradient that brings moist air from the east and northeast to eastern coastal and central regions of Argentina. The regions are as follows: Andean Northwest, Chaco, Cuyo, Mesopotamia, Pampas, Patagonia, and Tierra del Fuego. [128] Absolute minimum temperatures are more than −15 °C (5 °F) in coastal areas, while in the central Patagonian plateaus, they can reach below −20 °C (−4 °F).[121]. In some cases, such as in 2003, they can exceed 45 °C (113 °F). According to the Minister of the Interior, the north consists of the following provinces: Catamarca, Chaco. [109] Dull, grey, and damp weather characterize winters in the Pampas. [20][23]:31Precipitation is slightly higher in summer than in winter, and generally decreases from east to west and from north to south. Low scrub vegetation and green grass steppe alternate south of Comodoro Rivadavia to the tip of the continent. According to the prevailing climate, the country is divided into mild, sub-tropical and arid regions. In total, Argentina is home to nearly 300 protected areas, which include eleven internationally significant wetlands and ten different biosphere reserves. [62]:33–34, Temperatures are much colder in the Puna region, with a mean annual temperature of less than 10 °C (50 °F) owing to its high altitude. Argentina Climate Map page, view Argentina political, physical, country maps, satellite images photos and where is Argentina location in World map. [116][117] Being located between the semipermanent South Pacific and the South Atlantic Highs at around 30oS, and the Subpolar Low at around 60o S, the movement of the high and low pressure systems, along with ocean currents, determine the precipitation pattern. The indigenous, plantlike ombu tree (Phytolacca dioica) is prized for the shade it provides but is of no commercial value. The disputed Falkland Islands is a United Kingdom Overseas Territory, but is claimed by Argentina. Argentinien hat eine Fläche von circa 2,8 Millionen km² und ist damit der zweitgrößte Staat Südamerikas. In Buenos Aires, the climate is warm and temperate. Several months of the year it is warm to hot at temperatures continuously above 25 degrees centigrade, sometimes up to 34 degrees. Common trees are the quebracho, the urunday, and the guayacán, used for tannin and lumber. [53] The north–south orientation of the mountains, which increase in altitude to the west,[52] and a discontinuous topography, creates valleys with regions of relatively high orographic precipitation in the west and drier regions in east. Several months of the year it is warm to hot at temperatures continuously above 25 degrees centigrade, sometimes up to 33 degrees. [9] In most of Patagonia, precipitation is concentrated in the winter months with the exception of northeastern and southern areas of the region which have a more even distribution of precipitation throughout the year. [65]:17 Absolute maximum temperatures in the Puna region can reach up to 30 °C (86 °F) while absolute minimum temperatures can fall below −20 °C (−4 °F). O ne of the most salient features of the Argentine territory is its variety of climates: humid, dry, tropical heat or nival cold, through different kinds of mild climates. Most other Argentine Indians were hunters and gatherers who fought the Spanish tenaciously but were eventually exterminated or driven away. Mendoza. African Continent:History, Region,,Countries. [125][130] The Atlantic Ocean moderates the climate of coastal areas resulting in a lower annual and daily range of temperatures. Home to more than 1,200 wineries, Mendoza produces nearly two-thirds of all of Argentina’s wine. [30] On the other hand, the sudestada and the pampero winds bring periods of cool to cold temperatures. [55], The area further west is the Puna region, a plateau with an average altitude of 3,900 m (12,800 ft) that is mostly a desert due to the easterly winds being blocked by the Andes and the northwest extension of the Sierras Pampeanas. [53][54]:29, The temperate valleys, which include major cities such as Salta and Jujuy,[note 3] have an average precipitation ranging between 500 to 1,000 mm (20 to 39 in). [20][23]:30 Most of the precipitation is concentrated in the summer and decreases from east to west. [121] The high precipitation in the Andes in this region supports glaciers and permanent snowfields. climate of the country shape the inuence of climate. The only other area of obvious interest to export markets is the high-altitude vineyards around Cafayate in the province of Salta in the far north of the country. [66][86] The average temperature in January is 24 °C (75 °F) in most of the region. [83], The Pampas includes all of Buenos Aires Province, eastern and southern Córdoba Province, eastern La Pampa Province, and southern Santa Fe Province. [58]:56 Mean annual temperatures in the Yungas range between 14 to 26 °C (57 to 79 °F). [120]:72 The snow line ranges from an altitude of 2,500 m (8,202 ft) in the north to 1,800 m (5,906 ft) above sea level in the south. Chile has dominated South American wine exports but Argentina makes almost five times as much wine, and has been catching up fast on export markets, especially in the US. [3][4] Argentina possesses a wide variety of climatic regions ranging from subtropical in the north to subantarctic in the far south. [60][61], Valleys in the southern parts of the region are drier than valleys in the north due to the greater height of the Andes and the Sierras Pampeanas on the eastern slopes compared to the mountains in the north (ranging from 3,000 to 6,900 m (9,800 to 22,600 ft)), presenting a significant orographic barrier that blocks moist winds from the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Many rural people grew to resent the wealth, political power, and cultural affectations of the porteños, the “people of the port” in the Buenos Aires region, and many porteños looked upon residents of the interior as ignorant peasants. [54]:18 For example, in Tucumán Province, cold fronts are responsible for 70% of the rainfall in that province. Climate: mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest: Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay: Geographic coordinates: 34 00 S, 64 00 W: Comparative Area: slightly less than three-tenths the size of … › Overview: Climate in Argentina › Duration of daylight and sunshine in Argentina [84] In all locations, at altitudes over 3,800 m (12,500 ft), permafrost is present, while icy conditions persist year round at altitudes over 4,000 m (13,000 ft). Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain. [119] Most precipitation comes from frontal systems,[119] particularly stationary fronts that bring humid air from the Atlantic Ocean. [21][40] In summer, this interaction strengthens, favouring the development of convective thunderstorms that can result in heavy rainfall. [85] Summers in the region are hot and generally very sunny, averaging as much as 10 hours of sunshine per day. [21] The Cuyo region is influenced by the subtropical, semi–permanent South Atlantic High to the east in the Atlantic, the semi-permanent South Pacific High to the west of the Andes, and the development of the Chaco Low and westerlies in the southern parts of the region. [9] Mean evapotranspiration ranges from 550 to 750 mm (22 to 30 in), which decreases from northeast to southwest. [53][56] About 90% of the annual precipitation falls from November to April, which constitutes the wet season while the dry season is from May until October when precipitation is sparse. Patagonia, semiarid scrub plateau that covers nearly all of the southern portion of mainland Argentina. Higher still grow the queñoa, small, crooked trees that in places extend to the timberline at 11,500 feet (3,500 metres). [21][105] These thunderstorms form when cold air from the south, caused by the pampero wind, meets humid tropical air masses from the north,[100] and are some of the most intense storms in the world, with the most frequent lightning and the highest convective cloud tops. [96] It is subdivided into two parts: the humid Pampas to the east, and the dry/semi–arid Pampas to the west. [55] At the highest altitudes, westerly winds from the Pacific Ocean can penetrate during the winter months, leading to snowstorms. But it is worth noting that during the period between December and March … Argentinien, nach Brasilien zweitgrößtes Land Südamerikas, hat eine enorme Nord-Süd-Ausdehnung von circa 3.700 Kilometern.Die Ost-West-Ausdehnung beträgt immerhin rund 1.400 Kilometer. [29][30] Spring (September–November) is similar to fall with a mean precipitation of 340 mm (13 in). Regions of Argentina Of Argentina's more than 278 million hectares of land, nearly 17.5 million hectares are established as protected, which is about 6.3% of the country's landmass. [119][121] Due to the northward migration of the South Pacific High, more frontal systems can pass through, allowing for more precipitation to occur. [4][12], It has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa according to the Köppen climate classification). [40][41] During the entire year, the South Pacific High influences the climate by bringing cold, moist air masses originating in Patagonia[42] leading to cold temperatures and frost, particularly during winter. Forests grow along the eastern border of the puna region southward to the colder Andean zones, covering many slopes in this part of the mountains. [14] However, all claims are suspended by the Antarctic Treaty System, of which Argentina is a founding signatory and permanent consulting member. [52] Consequently, vegetation differs within these different climate types. Argentina’s wine regions produce grapes with distinct flavor, quality and aroma. Many regions have different, often contrasting, microclimates. Das Land erinnert in seiner Gestalt an ein lang gezogenes Dreieck. [53] The eastern slopes of the mountains receive between 1,000 to 1,500 mm (39 to 59 in) of precipitation a year although some places receive up to 2,500 mm (98 in) of precipitation annually owing to orographic precipitation. [20][41], Mean annual precipitation ranges from 1,200 mm (47 in) in the eastern parts of Formosa Province to a low of 450 to 500 mm (18 to 20 in) in the west and southwest. [121] On the Patagonian plateaus, mean annual temperatures range from 8 to 10 °C (46 to 50 °F) which decreases towards the west. For when you decide to visit, we’ve put together this brief guide to Argentina’s top five wine regions. Weather stations at an altitude above 1220m have not been included. [121] In the rare cases when cold fronts move northwards from the south (Antarctica), the cold air masses are not moderated by the surrounding oceans, resulting in very cold temperatures throughout the region. This is Andes country, where valleys are arid and the mountain ranges – or quebrada – are towering. From Patagonia’s dramatic ice fields to Iguazù’s thunderous waterfalls and the shimmering blue lagoons of the Litoral, Argentina’s landscapes astound, while Buenos Aires is the continent’s most cosmopolitan and appealing city, packed with superb museums, restaurants, markets and music. [103] Places in the east receive rainfall throughout autumn, whereas in the west it quickly becomes very dry. [24] Summers are hot and humid while winters are mild. [124] The daily and annual range of temperatures on these plateaus is very high. [20] It lies between the Uruguay and Paraná rivers, which serve as natural borders for the region. Central Argentina, which includes the Pampas to the east, and the Cuyo region to the west, has a temperate climate with hot summers and cool, drier winters. They were divided by the Spanish into small groups and were sent to work in Peru and the Río de la Plata area. [87] Since this region has a wide range of altitudes ranging from 500 m (1,600 ft) to nearly 7,000 m (23,000 ft), temperatures can vary widely with altitude. The climate in Argentina Average daytime and nighttime temperatures All climatic diagrams of this page are taken from the collected data from 113 measuring stations in Argentina. Argentina Wine Regions. [125][131] Towards the south, where land masses are narrow, the Pacific Ocean influences coastal areas in addition to the Atlantic Ocean, ensuring that the cold is neither prolonged nor intense. Patagonia, semiarid scrub plateau that covers nearly all of the southern portion of mainland Argentina. The variety of geographical regions in Argentina, are a determining factor of the different types of climates. [23]:85, The Chaco region is the hottest in Argentina, with a mean annual temperature of 23 °C (73 °F). May 9, 2020 - This Pin was discovered by Andy Baradandikanya. [121], The influence of the Pacific Ocean, general circulation patterns, and the topographic barrier caused by the Andes, results in one of the strongest precipitation gradients in the world. The rich wildlife of the Chaco includes deer, peccaries, monkeys, tapirs, jaguars, pumas, ocelots, armadillos, capybaras, and agoutis. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Seventy eight banks from 11 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean recently took part in the first region-wide survey on how the banks are incorporating climate change into their risk management. [40][79] Most of the precipitation falls during the summer due to the stronger interaction between the Chaco Low and the South Atlantic High. [121] Generally, mean annual temperatures vary more with altitude than with latitude since the temperature gradient for latitude is relatively moderate owing to ocean currents. [40][81] Higher altitude locations receive precipitation in the form of snow during the winter months. [38] This results in absolute maximum and minimum temperatures being 43 °C (109 °F) and −2.5 °C (27.5 °F) in the east compared to more than 47 °C (117 °F) and −7.2 °C (19.0 °F) in the west. [121] Snowfall occurs on 5 to 20 days per year, mainly in the west and south. [86], The Zonda wind, a foehn wind characterized by warm, dry air can cause temperatures to exceed 30 °C (86 °F). [119] The annual range of temperatures in Patagonia is lower than in areas in the Northern Hemisphere at the same latitude owing to the maritime influences of the sea. The Chaco region in the center-north, despite being relatively homogeneous in terms of precipitation and temperature, is the warmest region in Argentina, and one of the few natural areas in the world located between tropical and temperate latitudes that is not a desert. Flightless rheas still inhabit the Pampas, but guanacos are no longer found there. The thorn forests are gradually replaced by dense quebracho forests (though of a less-valuable species than those in the west), and there are some pure stands of algaroba. [123][121] South of 52oS, the Andes are lower in elevation, reducing the rain shadow effect in Tierra del Fuego Province, allowing forests to thrive on the Atlantic coast. Toggle navigation. [119][121] Most of the moisture is dropped on the Chilean side, resulting in abundant precipitation, while in much of the Argentine side, the air warms adiabatically and becomes drier as it descends. [121] In Tierra del Fuego, thunderstorms are non-existent. The different soils and climates in the country, offer a variety of agricultural products, adapted to the possibilities of each region. [118][119] The exception is the Bosque Andino Patagónico, a forested area located in the extreme west and southern parts of Tierra del Fuego Province, which has a humid, wet, and cool to cold climate. [5][6] Under the Köppen climate classification, Argentina has 11 different climate types:[7] Humid Subtropical (Cfa, Cwa), moderate oceanic (Cfb), warm semi-arid (BSh), subtropical highland oceanic (Cwb), warm desert (BWh), cold semi–arid (BSk), cold desert (BWk), moderate Mediterranean (Csb), cold oceanic (Cfc), and tundra (ET). Each region is divided into Provinces. Mendoza lies the heart of Argentina’s wine country. [20][22][23]:85, Mesopotamia is the wettest region in Argentina[24] with average annual precipitation ranges from less than 1,000 mm (39 in) in the southern parts, to approximately 1,800 mm (71 in) in the eastern parts. Southeast of the Andean region described above, xerophytic (drought-tolerant) scrub forests, called monte, and intervening grasslands spread across the Pampean Sierras. Both factors render the region dry. Dull, gray days and damp weather characterize this season, especially in the Pampas. Lying between those is the Pampas region, featuring a mild and humid climate. [79][80] The wide range in latitudes, combined with altitudes ranging from 500 m (1,600 ft) to nearly 7,000 m (23,000 ft), means that it has a variety of different climate types. Addresse: Tercuman Sitesi A2/52 34015 Cevizlibag, Istanbul Phone: +90 (212) 558-0046 Email: contact@worldmap1.com [119][124] Precipitation decreases steeply from west to east, ranging from 4,000 mm (160 in) in the west on the Andean foothills at 41oS, to 150 mm (6 in) in the central plateaus. [99] Occasionally, tropical air masses from the north may move southward, providing relief from the cool, damp temperatures. [122], The Andes play a crucial role in determining the climate of Patagonia because their north–south orientation creates a barrier for humid air masses coming from the Pacific Ocean. [119] The wind lowers the perception of the mean annual temperature by 4.2 °C (7.6 °F) throughout the region.
2020 argentina regions climate