National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. Institute of Museum and Library Services Guide to the Scholarly Resources microfilm edition. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. It is important to note here that during this same time, several of our founding members were also pushing for greater representation and involvement of blacks and other minorities in the programs of the American Nurses Association (ANA). The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses was founded On this day in history, August 25,1908, the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was founded by Martha Minerva Franklin. Black nurses may not have gotten those chances till much later, or not even. (Carnegie, 1986). A critical issue identified by this group of courageous black nurses was the need to develop a systematic way of maintaining contact with each other and to identify other black nurses interested in discussing common goals, problems, needs, and ideas. Mahoneys pioneering spirit has been recognized with numerous awards and memorials. A year later, on December 18-19, 1971, 18 black nurses from across the country met at the home of Dr. Mary Harper, in Cleveland, Ohio. Bullock worked to increase communication and community among black nurses. The award continues to be awarded today by the American Nurses Association. These changes made it possible for any eligible applicant to be admitted into the national organization if barred from membership in her state League. THE 70’S: THE BEGINNING YEARS Freedman Hospital Washington D.C., 1943 *On this date in 1908, the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was founded. Mattiedna K. Johnson, Phyllis Davis, Mattie Watkins, and Florrie Jefferson. ; Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture.] Name Components.       This historic occasion was the beginning of the National Black Nurses Association as the professional organization for all black nurses across the nation! The primary goals of the two associations were to unite black nurses to influence health care services for black people and to promote the inclusion of blacks in nursing education and nursing leadership positions. In 1949 at the NACGN convention in Louisville, Kentucky, the NACGN unanimously accepted the suggestion of the American Nurses Association (ANA) that NACGN functions be taken over by the ANA and that its program be expanded for the complete integration of black nurses. It was her charge to spearhead the effort of identifying ways to keep in touch with the nurses present at the Miami meeting and to seek ways for future dialogue with other black nurses. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses was a professional organization for African American nurses founded in 1908. It is important to note that at the symposium, the Miami Black Nurses Association gave a donation to NBNA to aid in organizing all black nurses into a cohesive national body. [2] Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. During the Spring and Summer months in 1972, members of the NBNA Steering Committee continued to meet to address issues that needed to be resolved and tasks that had to be completed in preparation for formal recognition as a not-for-profit corporation. Her birthplace was in Dorchester in Massachusetts. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was organized in 1908 when a group of fifty-two graduate nurses met in New York City. From the description of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1958. Black nurses have the understanding, knowledge, interest, concern and experience to make a significant difference in the health care statues of the Black community. In addition, a Citizen Advisory Committee was organized, regional sections were established, and a program was outlined. In 1918, the U.S. Secretary of War authorized a call to Colored nurses to come into national service. 1930-1977. In 1970, the Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay Area black Nurses Association met and planned the first statewide conference of black nurses. His advice to the black nurses was as follows: “We must have common goals and purposes which should be the reason for organized black nurses, because the white agenda has failed in terms of the black perspective. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division. Act as a change agent in restructuring existing institutions and/or helping to establish institutions to suit our needs. National Endowment for the Humanities, University of Virginia Library In 1936, the National Association for Colored Graduate Nurses founded the Mary Mahoney Award in honor of her achievements. WorldCat record id: 239832378. 37. Since the above is true, we as Black nurses have established a National organization to investigate, define, and determine what the health care needs of Black Americans are, and to implement change to make available to Black Americans and other minorities health care commensurate to that of the larger society. Posts tagged as “National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses” BHM: Meet Mary Eliza Mahoney, 1st Licensed African-American Nurse in U.S. By goodblacknews on February 15, 2019 From the guide to the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1958, (The New York Public Library. Meeting the challenges in Los Angeles were two visionary leaders, Betty Smith Williams and Barbara Johnson. Present among the officers and executive board of the NACGN were representatives of the American Nurses' Association, the National Organization for Public Health Nursing, the National League of Nursing Education, the New York State Board of Nurse Examiners, the Julius Rosenwald Fund, the National Health Circle for Colored People, and the National Medical Association. MOVING TOWARD INCORPORATION! Add to My List Edit this Entry Rate it: (0.00 / 0 votes) Translation Find a translation for National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses in other languages: Select another language: - Select - 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified) This stimulated several state Leagues to admit black nurses. Over a meal of fried chicken and other potluck delicacies (as recently told by Dr. Mary Harper at NBNA’s 23rdAnnual Institute and Conference), the following black nurses laid the foundation for the establishment of the National Black Nurses Association: Dr. Lauranne Sams, Betty Jo Davidson, Gertrude Baker, Barbara Garner, Dr. Mary Harper, Mattiedna Kelly, Phyllis Jenkins, Florrie Jefferson, Judy Jourdain, Geneva Norman, Betty Smith Williams, Etherlrine Shaw, Anita Small, Doris A. Wilson, and Gloria Rookard. PHILOSOPHY The NACGN had a significant influence on eliminating racial discrimination in the registered nursing profession. The first quota of fifty-six black nurses for the U.S. Army was announced in 1942; at the end of the war the Army had commissioned over five-hundred black nurses. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses African American nurses — …   Included in the historic letter announcing the establishment of the national Black Nurses Association was the following Statement of Philosophy and Purposes and Objectives: National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. Martha Franklin of Connecticut, a graduate of the school of nursing of the Woman's Hospital of Philadelphia, spearheaded the development of the organization. In order to implement the above philosophy, the founders agreed upon the following purposes and objectives for the national association. National Library of Medicine, Emory University Library, Special Collect Department, Discrimination in employment--United States, African American nurses--History--20th century--Sources. Additionally, members of NBNA were busy preparing to participate in various symposia planned for black nurses attending the ANA Convention, which was held in Detroit, Michigan during the first week of May 1972. An important breakthrough was the passage of the Bolton Act (1943) which provided for the training of nurses for the armed forces, government and civilian hospitals, health agencies, and war industries through grants to institutions providing such training. Eans, Pauline B. Ms. Ethelrine Shaw was appointed Chairperson and Dr. Lauranne Sams, Betty Smith Williams and Janice E. Ruffin were appointed Task Force members. Set standards and guidelines for the quality education of black nurses on all levels by providing consultation to nursing faculties and by monitoring for proper utilization and placement of black nurses. Petrash, Antonia. Evelyn Tomes African American Nursing Video Collection, ca. The conference stressed the fact that black nurses needed jobs without the pressures of racial bias. Martha Minerva Franklin (1870-1968) was a founding member of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses in 1908. Mattiedna K. Johnson, Phyllis Davis, Mattie Watkins, and Florrie Jefferson. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1951 [microform]. (Unknown). On February 28, 1972, letters from Dr. Lauranne Sams were sent to friends and colleagues of the newly formed National Black Nurses Association, clearly describing the seriousness of the founders in forging ahead to make the association a reality for black nurses. Mahoney was their eldest daughter in a family of three children. During August 5 and 6, 1972, the NBNA Steering Committee met in Chicago, Illinois to discuss operational procedures, Constitution and By-laws, public relations activities, regional and national program activities, membership promotion, funding issues and, most importantly, incorporation. Three years later, due to the influence of some of the same nurse leaders from California, New York City, Indiana, and Ohio, these two goals became the cornerstone for the founding of the National Black Nurses Association. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center, History of Medicine Division. Papers.   We are still … National Archives and Records Administration, HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library, Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library. Recognizing that a major concern of the organization was to increase the number of black nurses in the country, the founders believed that incorporating all levels of black nurses into the organization would place them in a better position to influence all nursing education programs in which black students were enrolled, as well as the caliber of all nursing services provided to black consumers. Furthermore, black nurses who were members of ANA felt that their unique needs, as well as the serious health care needs of black people, were not being adequately addressed by ANA. In their discussion of the evolvement of the New York Black Nurses Association, which was loosely formed in Spring, 1971, members forcefully pointed out that: “Pandas from China were better housed, fed and cared for than Black Americans; and that the USA passes out moon rocks instead of bread.” Deeply concerned about such inequities, in October, 1971, the New York, BNA held its first annual conference with the theme: “The Unliberated Black Nurse Community.” Papers, 1926-1981 (bulk 1970s). Conduct, analyze and publish research to increase the body of knowledge about health care and the health needs of blacks. Maddux, Walter H., ca. This award is given to nurses or groups of nurses who promote integration within their field. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. The executive board employed a nurse executive with a grant from the Rosenwald Fund, and an executive secretary was hired to implement a day-to-day program. The NBNA Steering Committee expanded and individuals in the audience were divided into regional groups fro discussion and action strategies for organizing locally. found: Report of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, 1921 : t.p. Martha Franklin of Connecticut, a graduate of the school of nursing of the Woman's Hospital of Philadelphia, spearheaded the development of the organization. Compile and maintain a national Directory of Black Nurses to assist with the dissemination of information regarding black nurses and nursing on national an local levels by the use of all media. Mabel Keaton Staupers papers, 1943-1983 (bulk 1951-1975). Medical » Nursing. They unanimously voted to approve the following motion made by Betty Smith Williams: “I move that we establish the National Black Nurses Association.” Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division. The program was carried forward with community assistance and financial support from NACGN's membership. She achieved her goal in 1946 when the American Nursing Association began to …   The conference attracted black nurses from places as far away as Miami, Florida and New York City. SNAC is a discovery service for persons, families, and organizations found within archival collections at cultural heritage institutions. President, National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, New York City NUMBER, SOURCE, AND DISTRI-BUTION OF NEGRO NURSES According to the 1930 census, there were 5,000 Negro graduate registered nurses in the United States. Staupers, Mabel Keaton, 1890-. Mahoney joined another esteemed gr… The Civil Rights Movement was the primary impetus that moved black people from all professions and all walks of life to action. Although NACGN Chi Eta Phi Nursing Sorority had made tremendous inroads in removing some of the barriers for membership in ANA, black nurses in the late 60’s and early 70’s still had very little presence and influence in the leadership of the American Nurses Association. (Pauline Bryant), 1905-1981. If Mabel did not fight the injustices to black nurses and citizens when she did, we might still have the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses and the American Nurses Association. (Pauline Bryant), 1905-1981. Recruit, counsel and assist black persons interested in nursing to insure a constant procession of blacks in the field. Among other things, the conference participants decided to establish permanent headquarters in office space loaned to them by the National Health Circle for Colored People. ... the complete article (314K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Twenty-six attended at the invitation of Mary Mahoney, the first black professionally trained nurse in the country. By 1948 only nine states and the District of Columbia still barred black nurses. Staupers, Mabel Keaton, 1890-.   At the conclusion of her survey she called a meeting at St. Marks Methodist Church in New York City. This organization was dedicated to promoting the standards and welfare of Black nurses and breaking down racial discrimination in the profession. Serve as the national nursing body to influence legislation and policies that affect Black people and work cooperatively and collaboratively with other health workers to this end. More than petticoats; remarkable Connecticut women Standing: Gloria Rookard, Betty Jo Davidson, Mary Harper, Doris Wilson. The purpose of these articles is to document contributions of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses and the National Black Nurses Association. Osborne would eventually go on to become president of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. Mary Eliza Mahoney was born on May 7th, in 1845.     During the late 1960’s and early 1970’s, the climate for blacks throughout urban America was one of coming together to express pride in their identity, to demand equality, to fight against racism and discrimination and to seek power locally and nationally. This organization attempted to uplift the standards and everyday lives of African-American registered nurses. Miss Franklin was elected president at the first meeting. During that time its organization with five original members grew to 55 members. WorldCat record id: 239832359, From the description of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1951 [microform]. The main reason for their shift was to live in an area with less discrimination. tion from a recognized nursing school. Name :   The goals of the new organization were: to achieve higher professional standards, to break down discriminatory practices facing black nurses, and to develop leadership among black nurses. WorldCat record id: 122686937, From the description of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1951 [microform]. Dissolved in 1951. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was founded in 1908 by Martha M. Franklin; its first annual meeting was held in Boston in 1909. Add to My List Edit this Entry Rate it: (0.00 / 0 votes) Translation Find a translation for National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses in other languages: Select another language: - Select - 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified) Her parents were initially slaves in North Carolina and that they had moved to reside in Boston after being freed. In 1918 temporary headquarters were established in New York City through the courtesy of the 137th Street Young Women's Christian Association. Martha Minerva Franklin founded the association. Tomes, Evelyn K. (Evelyn Kennedy).       As with any new organization the beginning years of the National Black Nurses Association were devoted to developing and agreeing upon an appropriate philosophy and mission, organizational structure, Constitution and By-laws and operating procedures. The New York Public Library. NBNA National Initiative on Violence Reduction, DCH Introduces New Breast Milk Program To Save Premature Babies, 2019 NBNA and NIH All Of Us Research Initiative. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was organized in 1908 when a group of fifty-two graduate nurses met in New York City. 38 Articles from Journal of the National Medical Association are provided here courtesy of National Medical Association. Series 1. Collection, 1915-1985. Standing: Gloria Rookard, Betty Jo Davidson, Mary Harper, Doris Wilson The specific goal of the Affirmative Action Task Force was to develop an action plan and program to ensure effective and ongoing participation of black and other minorities in the total program of ANA (Affirmative Action in Action, American Nurse Association, 1974). Black nurses were no exception. At this time, annual membership dues for RN’s and LPN’s/LVN’s were $10.00 and $2.00 for nursing students, and was included in the first NBNA membership brochure designed by Gloria Rookard, Membership Chair. Holden, Miriam. Over Twenty-five years later, the above philosophy and purposes and goals continue to guide the work of the National Black Nurses Association. Only two months after the first historic meeting in Cleveland, the founding members had agreed on the philosophical statement, goals and objectives as well as the initial “ charter donation “ of $10,000 per member in preparation for formalizing the national association. While the issue of civil rights had been on the agenda of several civil rights organizations, such as the NAACP and the National Urban League, for many years, the events of the late 60’s and early 70’s crystallized the issue for most black Americans. SECTION C: NURSES ESTELLE MASSEY RIDDLE, R.N., M.A. Twenty years after the dissolution of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGH), which marked the end of one era in the fight of black nurses for equality and access to membership in ANA, there emerged again an urgent need for another national nursing organization with a primary goal of placing the black nurse in the mainstream of professional nurses. Realizing that this situation was no longer acceptable, black nurses attending the 47thconvention of the American Nurses Association in Miami, Florida in 1970, “caucused” to discuss these issues, as well as to identify and discuss other common interests and concerns. Betty Smith Williams, Interim Chairman of the Constitution and By-laws Committee had drafted the first copy of the Constitution and By-laws in April, 1972. Our Founders 1970s-1994. The following officers and committee chairmen of the Interim Steering Committee were selected: The founding members of the National Black Nurses Association recognized that in order to make a difference in the quality of life in our communities, black nurses across the nation had to take the lead. Eans, Pauline B. Define and determine nursing care for black consumers for optimum quality of care acting as their advocates.       Provision for the enjoyment of optimal health is the birthright of every American. It was determined that through the regional areas, black nurses would be receiving feedback and would have the opportunity for direct input in planning for regional and national meetings and program activities. Through their diligence and efforts, the ANA 1972 House of Delegates passed a resolution mandating the establishment of the Affirmative Action Task Force. Through the founders’ collective vision, persistence and commitment, all black nurses now had an organization whose primary reason for being was to improve the health status of black people in the United States of America. Broadfoot had been a member of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses for 15 years acting as recording secretary for 4 years. Community » Associations. By continuing to use our site, you accept our use of cookies, Bibliographic and Digital Archival Resources. One of the first black members of the Nurses Associated Alumnae of the United States and Canada (subsequently renamed the American Nurses Association, or ANA), she later joined the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) and addressed its first annual convention in … Through the war years, the NACGN worked tirelessly to interpret the needs of black nurses and led a vigorous campaign to end discrimination in the field. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was organized in 1908 when a group of fifty-two graduate nurses met in New York City. (Unknown). Provide the impetus and means for black nurses to write and publish on an individual or collaborative basis. Tomes, Evelyn K. (Evelyn Kennedy). Evelyn K. Tomes papers, 1912-1980. 1892-1978. The following members are the original trustees of the National Black Nurses Association: Dr. Lauranne Sams, Dr. Mary Harper, Mattie Johnson, Betty Jo Davison, Gloria Rookard, Ethelrine Shaw, Betty Smith Williams and Doris Wilson. John, Alma, 1906-1986. They took action and founded the Council of Black Nurses, Los Angeles and the Bay Area Black Nurses Association. Mabel Keaton Staupers papers, 1937-1970. Members were nurses who had graduated from a training program. Additionally, the many tasks needed to establish the organization as a formal entity were identified and assigned. Since its organization, the history of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses reveals those quali-ties of courage, fortitude, and per-severance common to any group pioneering in any social or professional movement. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908- 1951 by National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses., 1984, New York Public Library, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture edition, Microform in English The AHA further honored Mahoney in 1976 by inducting her into their Hall of Fame. (National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, NACGN) She helped allow black nurses to do the same as white nurses and paved the way for equal rights to join the army as a nurse. Two years later a substantial increase in membership and volume of work made it necessary for the NACGN to establish an office of its own and to hire additional staff. Sitting: Phyllis Jenkins, Lauranne Sams, Betty Smith Williams and Ethelrine Shaw. Collaborate with other black groups to compile archives relevant to the historical, current, and future activities of black nurses. Home Directory National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) Verified. Subjects. Gloria Smith volunteered to convene nurses from the Southwest and Betty Smith Williams agreed to lead nurses from the West Coast. Get this from a library! Copyright © 2020, National Black Nurses Association, INC. One of her goals as a leader of this organization was to eliminate the need for separate organizations. Mabel Keaton Staupers became the first paid executive secretary of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses … Major health interest groups and governmental agencies believe this and move to act on it for the betterment of the nation. Be the vehicle for unification of black nurses of varied age groups, educational levels and geographic locations to insure continuity and flow of our common heritage. At the first annual con-vention of the Association held in Boston in 1910 there were twenty-six Staupers, Mabel Keaton, 1890-. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1951.. [National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. During the same period the Federal government was taking other steps to increase the numbers of and opportunities for black nurses. Seeking the benefits of a professional organization denied them by the ANA, a group of African-American nurses, led by Martha Franklin of Philadelphia, met in New York in 1908 to form the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN). The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses was a professional organization for African American nurses founded in 1908. Alma John papers, 1955-1980. These two organizations advance the standards of nursing and develop leadership within the ranks of Black nurses. In 1934 a conference was held in New York City to determine a future course of action for the NACGN. Congressman Diggs reported on the National Black Political Convention held in Gary, Indiana, in March, 1972, that brought together over 10,000 blacks from across the country. This caucus session resulted in the establishment of a Steering Committee, chaired by Dr. Lauranne Sams. MISSION, ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURE   African-American organizations. When headquarters in the YWCA were closed, Belle Davis, the executive secretary of the National Health Circle for Colored People provided space at her organization's office. National Archives and Records Administration. Therefore, from the very beginning, membership was open to registered nurses, licensed vocational/practical nurses and nursing students. PURPOSES and OBJECTIVES. Other articles where National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses is discussed: Mary Mahoney: …ANA), she later joined the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) and addressed its first annual convention in Boston (1909). Participating in this very important forum provided our founding members with the unique opportunity and the support to go about the business of establishing the National Balck Nurses Association. Mrs. Broadfoot was the primary organizer of the NCACGN, and was its president for 8 years (1923-1931). If you are visiting our non-English version and want to see the English version of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, please scroll down to the bottom and you will see the meaning of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses in English language. One month later, on September 6, 1972, in Canton, Ohio, Betty Jo Davison, Gloria M. Rookard and Doris A. Wilson, appeared before Cuff C. Brogdon, Notary Public, for the State of Ohio, and signed the official Articles of Incorporation of the National Black Nurses Association, Inc.!
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