Paracarpinus is an elliptic leaf with a finely toothed margin that is similar to leaves of the extant genus Carpinus.The areoles of P. chaneyi are regularly arranged and four to five sided (Manchester and Crane, 1987). In that view the taxa formerly classified in Sterculiaceae are treated in the subfamilies Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae of the Malvaceae sensu lato. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. (Sterculiaceae) is a genus of about 125 species of trees indigenous to the tropical rain-forest African region (Ratsch, 2005).Phylogenetic information reveals that the genus was formerly classified in the family Malvaceae, subfamily Sterculioideae and was later transfered into the separate family Sterculiaceae. Possibly from old celtic or sanskrit words, 'sal'= near + 'lis'= water, refering to its prefered habitat.) Members of the Betulaceae are well represented in the Cenozoic of the Northern Hemisphere (Crane and Stockey, 1987) (FIG. attained by any family, such as the Sterculiaceae, and also to arrange the genera within the family in order, representing an advancing series of specialization in regard to vessel-member length, pitting or ray type. unisexual. As traditionally circumscribed the Sterculiaceae, Malvaceae, Bombacaceae, and Tiliaceae comprise the "core Malvales" of the Cronquist system and the close relationship among these families is generally recognized. It is also allied to the family Elaeocarpaceae and hence Bentham and Hooker had included the latter in Tiliaceae. Species: 25 (approx.) Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Cola Schott & Endl. frequently consists of two whorls of 5 stamens each, these united by their filaments into The evidence obtained from such a series can then be used to test the other features in the wood. Descriptions of family characteristics of the Sterculiaceae, Bombacaceae, and Malvaceae are very similar (Cronquist 1981; Heywood 1978), and mention is often made of the close rela-tionship among these families. A 2006 molecular study indicated the Sterculioideae was most likely to be a monophyletic group, and that it had four major clades within it. The most famous products of the family are chocolate and cocoa from Theobroma cacao, followed by kola nuts. Classic name for willow. The leaves are alternate and simple or infrequently palmately lobed or compound; stipules are present but they are shed early. ex Cav. Well-known members of economic importance include okra, cotton, cacao and durian.There are also some genera containing familiar ornamentals, such as Alcea (hollyhock), Malva (mallow) and Lavatera (tree mallow), as well as Tilia (lime or linden tree). Engler and Prantl put this family together with Tiliaceae, Bombaceae and Sterculiaceae in the order Malvales. a tube that commonly surrounds the ovary or arises from an androgynophore. Family: Malvaceae Previously listed in the Sterculiaceae family. C. Tea-Family Theaceae (Camelliaceae) Camellia sinensis; Old World Crop; tea party-Plant Characteristics. D. throughout the family (Sterculiaceae s.s) and may. lobed or compound; stipules are present but they are shed early. presence of stellate hairs. That … sepals, but sometimes an equal number of petals are also present. Each "thumbnail" image below is linked to a larger photograph. Primitive characters: 1. Sterculiaceae was a family of flowering plants: based on the genus Sterculia. ... Tree Characteristics. Medicinal uses of some species from family Sterculiaceae Plants from family Sterculiaceae have long been used as traditional medicine in several countries and tribes. Theobroma cacao ; New World Crop-Plant Characteristics. consists of a single compound pistil of usually 4-5 sometimes weakly associated carpels, The Sterculiaceae are trees, shrubs, or herbs – chiranthodendron P: Genus Cola Schott & Endl. Family: Salicaceae (Willow Family) (lat. Width: 12 feet. vegetative-Tea Processing: green , black, etc. Sterculiaceae had previously been recognized as a family by most systematists; in its traditional sense the family includes about 70 genera, totalling around 1,500 species of tropical trees and shrubs. The following is a list of some important members of family Arecaceae, arranged alphabetically. Almost all parts of the plants including root, bark, and leaf of the species from the family were reported to exhibit a broad range of medicinal properties (Table 1). Trochetia parviflora is a very rare shrub from the Trochetia genus endemic to Mauritius. Family: Sterculiaceae Danta Other Common Names: Kotibe (Ivory Coast), Otutu (Nigeria), Owoe (Cameroon), Arborbo (Gabon), Kondofindo (Zaire), Naouya (Angola), Abumana, Akumaba, Epro (Ghana). Bombacaceae, the bombax or kapok family of flowering trees and shrubs, in the mallow order (Malvales), comprising 27 genera. ID 10857 Symbol Key BRACH13 Common Name brachychiton Family Sterculiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA, LA, VI Growth Habit N/A The family Tiliaceae is related to Sterculiaceae in habit, leaves, stipules and androphore (Grewia). Has Evergreen foliage. Based on Sequences of the Chloroplast Gene. The leaves are alternate and simple or infrequently palmately 4. – cola P: Genus Commersonia J.R. Forst. Height: 20 feet. Description: In this region, Sterculiaceae are all trees and shrubs except for the liana genus Byttneria.Most of them are easy to identify to order Malvales by their 3-veined leaves with stellate trichomes and double-pulvinar petioles, but in some cases familial assignment is almost impossible without first identifying the genus. This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 20:55. It is used as a binder for making low calorie dough-based products such as pasta, bread and other bakery products. It is also used to prevent syneresis and improve the spreadability characteristics of cheese spreads. This family consists of palm plants. Many species yield timber. A thorough re-evaluation of intergeneric relationships in … Title: Microsoft Word - Vol 12 text.published.02Oct2007.doc Author: Nick Turland Created Date: 10/3/2007 2:36:52 PM Sterculiaceae A family of trees, shrubs, climbers, and herbs that have stellate hairs or scales. The fruit is variable; sometimes the Family: Sterculiaceae Trochetia Origin: Mauritius. Introduction. – amphianthus P: Genus Angelonia Humb. 2. Bombacaceae members’ flowers are often large and showy. carpels are completely distinct at maturity. Sterculiaceae may be separated from Malvaceae sensu stricto by the smooth surface of the pollen grains and the bilocular anthers. & Bonpl. Has Evergreen foliage. actinomorphic or rarely zygomorphic, and are bisexual or not uncommonly functionally Sterculiaceae definition is - a large family of herbs, shrubs, or trees (order Malvales) distinguished mainly by the numerous monadelphous stamens and 2-celled anthers. – false foxglove P: Genus Alectra Thunb. -Family Sterculiaceae. Height: 20 feet. 22.177). Sterculiaceae – Cacao Family Plants in the mainly tropical and subtropical Cacao Family (Sterculiaceae) are trees, shrubs, or rarely perennial herbs with mucilaginous, fibrous bark, simple, alternate leaves, flowers with 5 or 0 petals, and fruit in the form of … witch hazel family. Seed pod characteristics are imoportant in separating genera in the family. Genera are now placed in the family Malvaceae, in the subfamilies: Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae. The family includes: Adansonia digitata, the African baobab (q.v. Leaves Lobed and Palmate, Green, No Change, Evergreen. Numerous phylogenetic studies have revealed that Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae and Bombacaceae as traditionally defined are cladistically polyphyletic. Scrophulariaceae, the figwort family of flowering plants, one of 26 in the order Lamiales, containing about 65 genera and 1,700 species with worldwide distribution. In our region, it is represented by a single species. Presence of mucilage in plant parts. Yes, that's the new edition of Heywood, which chops Malvaceae sensu APG into about 12 families, including a narrow Sterculiaceae (and Helicteroideae becomes Helictereaceae and Durionaceae, and I think that Byttnerioideae is chopped into several families). The androecium most Genera: 2. SOUTHERN FLANNEL BUSH, MEXICAN FLANNEL BUSH. The Thorne system takes an intermediate approach in combining the bulk of the traditional Sterculiaceae (but not including Sterculia itself) with elements of the traditional Tiliaceae to form the family Byttneriaceae. Malvaceae, or the mallows, is a family of flowering plants estimated to contain 244 genera with 4225 known species. It contains no crop plants of great economic importance but is notable for many ornamental garden plants, such as butterfly bush The flowers are Comparisons of descriptions compiled for this package show Sterculiaceae differing from Malvaceae sensu stricto (q.v.) Whitlock, B. This method has been applied It differs from Malvaceae in stellate hairs, dithecous anthers and polyadelphous stamens. Some plants are shrubs and tree-like. The perianth is commonly uniseriate, consisting of 3-5 valvate, basally connate Family Sterculiaceae – Cacao family : Contains 19 Genera and 32 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Abroma Jacq. It is allied to the mallow family (Malvaceae), to which the cotton plant belongs, and is characteristic of the tropics. 2001. – angelon P: Genus Antirrhinum L. – snapdragon P Additional Common Names. Fremontodendron californicum subsp. However, the relationships between the clades were not resolved. The APG and APG II systems unite Bombacaceae, Malvaceae sensu stricto, Sterculiaceae and Tiliaceae into a more widely circumscribed Malvaceae, i.e., Malvaceae sensu lato. Width: 12 feet. The Sterculiaceae are trees, shrubs, or herbs comprising about 65 genera and 1,000 species that are further characterized by the presence of stellate hairs. Family Scrophulariaceae – Figwort family : Contains 95 Genera and 1228 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Adenosma R. Br. Longevity Less than 50 years. Sterculiaceae was a family of flowering plants: based on the genus Sterculia. Its members are characterized by strong trunks and toddy yielding inflorescences. Family: Malvaceae Previously listed in the Sterculiaceae family. 4-5 locules, each with 2-several axile ovules. – alectra P: Genus Amphianthus Torr. Rounded Shape. comprising about 65 genera and 1,000 species that are further characterized by the Tree Characteristics. Synonyms. Distribution: Found from Sierra Leone to Cameroon and northern Gabon, occupies mixed and dry deciduous forests and transitional forests. be useful as a diagnostic feature (Chattaway, 1937). More Taxa Info; Guides; Places; Site Stats; Help; Video Tutorials; Log In or Sign Up Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. P: Genus Ayenia L. – ayenia P: Genus Brachychiton Schott & Endl. Malvaceae: Byttnerioideae, Helicteroideae & Sterculioideae - formerly Sterculiaceae Wild, H. (1960-1) Sterculiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Description of the family Plants in the Hamamelidaceae are deciduous shrubs or small trees with simple leaves that grow alternately along the stem. Characteristics: Classification: Cover Crops: Culturally Significant ... Family: Sterculiaceae – Cacao family Genus: Ayenia L. – ayenia Species: Ayenia ardua Cristobal – wingstem ayenia Subordinate Taxa. The leaves are deciduous but most remain on the plant long into the winter (i.e., the leaves are marcescent). – brachychiton P: Genus Chiranthodendron Cerv. Genera are now placed in the family Malvaceae, in the subfamilies: Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae. P: Genus Agalinis Raf. 3. Family: Hamamelidaceae. The members of this family are distributed throughout the world. ). [1], L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards),, Historically recognized angiosperm families, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Examination of these characteristics suggests that a number of genera should be transferred from the Bombacaceae to the Sterculiaceae (Camptostemon, Matisia, pro parte) or to the Malvaceae (Hampea). tea-Is tea harmful or beneficial? Leaves alternate, simple, stipulate. The gynoecium an equal number of distinct or variously connate styles, and a superior ovary with usually Phylogenetic Relationships and Floral Evolution of the Byttnerioideae ("Sterculiaceae" or Malvaceae s.l.) Traditionally included in the family Sterculiaceae, it is included in the expanded Malvaceae in the APG and most subsequent systematics. It is a good emulsion stabilizer for French style salad dressings. Hutchinson placed the single family under Malvales. This family has more than 217 genera and around 2,500 species. mexicanum Fremontia mexicana. vegetative; fruits fruits/seeds seeds-Cacao Processing-Is chocolate good for you? Rounded Shape. Wilkie, P., Clark, A., Pennington, R. T., Cheek, M., Bayer, C. & Wilcock, C. C. (2006).Phylogenetic Relationships within the Subfamily Sterculioideae (Malvaceae/Sterculiaceae-Sterculieae) Using the Chloroplast Gene ndhF. A., C. Bayer, and D. A. Baum.
2020 sterculiaceae family characteristics