When a predator gets close, these rabbits are likely to jump in the water and swim away, or dive under roots or overhangs to escape. When fighting, males will stand on their hind legs and use their teeth and claws to inflict wounds on their opponent. In 4 seconds, you will be redirected to nwfactionfund.org, the site of the National Wildlife Action Fund, a 501(c)(4) organization. Of the two, swamp rabbits are most similar to cottontails, but swamp rabbits are generally larger, with relatively shorter and rounder ears, somewhat coarser fur with a yellowish cast, particularly in the rump, and more black mottling; they have tawny rump fur, visible when fluffed; the tops of the hind feet are reddish brown; and the back of the neck is only slightly rust-colored. Hillard, Elizabeth M., et al. The rabbit typically forages at night. The tops of the hind feet are reddish brown. An herbivore, swamp rabbits eat grass, sedges, shrubs, twigs, tree seedlings, and tree bark. Young are sexually mature at 7 months and reach adult weight at 10 months. The swamp rabbit is the largest member of the cottontail genus. The swamp rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus) is found in swampy areas along the Gulf Coast and northward into the pineywoods. The swamp rabbit is considered secure overall. The rabbits are often found near water and in the cover of thickets, stumps, or fallen trees. In fact, he does not seem to be … The cottontail rabbit can run up to fifteen mph. The Swamp Rabbit is generally found near water, as its name suggests, and is an excellent swimmer. [5], S. aquaticus males vary in weight from approximately 4 lb (1.8 kg) to 5.6 lb (2.5 kg), with an average of about 5 lb (2.3 kg); females vary from approx. The swamp rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus), or swamp hare,[4] is a large cottontail rabbit found in the swamps and wetlands of the southern United States. President and CEO Collin O’Mara reveals in a TEDx Talk why it is essential to connect our children and future generations with wildlife and the outdoors—and how doing so is good for our health, economy, and environment. [6], Like other lagomorphs, they have a double digestion. It is two times the size of the cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) and darker in color with a cinnamon colored ring around the eye. [5], Breeding season varies widely across the range of S. aquaticus, usually occurring anywhere between February and August, but can occur year-round in Texas. "Wildlife Species Profile Swamp Rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Swamp_rabbit&oldid=985028047, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 14:54. Females can have 1 to 3 litters a year with each litter consisting of 4 to 6 young. [6] They feed mainly at night but rain showers will often cause them to feed during daytime as well. An animal that eats mainly plants or parts of plants. Swamp rabbits reach sexual maturity after 23 weeks. The total length is 17.8 - 21.73 inches (452 - 552 mm). Abbreviation key >> Internet citations >> Glossary >> Lepus americanus [Snowshoe Hare] × Oryctolagus cuniculus [European Rabbit] CHR. Swamp rabbits are a large variety of cottontail rabbit and they have specific habitat needs. The breeding season typically falls between February and August. Known as the largest member of the cottontails, they have brown body fur, a brown tail and weighs three to six pounds. The fur is short and ears are of medium size. Rabbits and Hares . They do so to avoid predators, and they swim to travel. DISTRIBUTION: Ditch the disposables and make the switch to sustainable products. National Science Foundation The closely related species Sylvilagus floridanus and Sylvilagus aquaticus have been studied more intensely. Although for most individuals, these rabbits are not from the cottontail genus. [6], S. aquaticus are synchronous breeders. Their eyes have opened by day 3 and the young have begun walking. [6] Swamp rabbits spend much of their time in depressions which they dig in tall grass or leaves, providing cover while they wait until the nighttime to forage. The smallest mature swamp rabbit is about the size of the largest mature cottontail. Although it is larger in overall size than other cottontails, it has smaller and rounder ears and coarser fur with a more yellow cast. Since all three live within our borders, let's take a closer look at them. The first two are true rabbits, but the jackrabbit is not a rabbit at all; it's a hare. Their total length varies from 16 to 22 inches, with males generally growing slightly larger than females. Newborns' eyes open after four to seven days. Its thick fur is dense enough to waterproof its skin, and is usually a mix of dark brown, rusty brown, and black. [8] The nests in which the young are born consist of a slight depression in the earth that is filled with grasses mixed with rabbit hair. [8], Swamp rabbits are herbivorous; they eat a variety of foraged plants, including grasses, sedges, shrubs, tree bark seedlings, and twigs. Young are born with well-developed fur but their eyes are closed and they are immobile. Females give birth to altricial young. They are weaned and leave the nest after about 15 days. The species has a strong preference for wet areas, and it will take to the water and swim. One of the other factors to which cottontail hunters must get accustomed to when hunting swamp rabbits is the terrain. Attend a virtual roundtable to learn about the challenges Black people face when accessing and enjoying the outdoors, and learn about ways in which we can address barriers and challenges. Among all the cottontail rabbits, the swamp rabbit is the largest one. The underside of the tail is white and is very bright when the rabbit runs, which is where the name cottontail is derived. S. aquaticus exhibit induced ovulation and have an hour-long estrus. Swamp Rabbit Picture of Swamp Rabbit . The females give birth to up to six offspring. [6] Swamp rabbits have several adaptations to avoid predators: cryptic coloration, "freezing", and rapid, irregular jumping patterns. Description : The swamp rabbit is similar to the eastern cottontail but has a generally larger size, proportionately shorter and rounder ears, coarser body fur with a yellowish cast (particularly to the rump), and more black mottling. Weight: 1.6 - 2.7kg. 93, 2018, pp. Greenville Swamp Rabbits . In the lingo of biology, it is called as “ Sylvilagus palustris.” It is again a not-so-big-sized rabbit just like a brush rabbit and unlike a swamp rabbit. Although it is larger in overall size than other cottontails, it has smaller and rounder ears and coarser fur with a more yellow cast. Most Sylvilagus species have stub tails with white undersides that show when they retreat, giving them their characteristic name. Anywhere, any time. Here come another cottontail rabbit and this time its marsh rabbit. 93–96., doi:10.1016/j.mambio.2018.09.001. The weight of a female Swamp rabbit is 57.94 - 93.91 oz (1646 - 1668 grams) and males weigh up to 65.64 - 90.08 oz (1861 - 2554 g). The swamp rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus), or swamp hare, is a large cottontail rabbit found in the swamps and wetlands of the southern United States. In Georgia in 1979, there was a well-publicized incident involving a swamp rabbit and then-President Jimmy Carter, in which a swamp rabbit that was being chased by hounds jumped in the water and swam up to President Carter’s fishing boat. The Swamp Rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus) in Indiana TED L. TERREL Utah Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit, Utah State University, Logan 84321 ABSTRACT: Swamp-rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus) distribution, habitat, population characters and behavioral traits were studied in Indiana in 1968-69. The marsh rabbit is slightly smaller and darker than the eastern cottontail and its tail forms a brown tuft (no cottontail). 17.8 inches (45 cm) to 21.7 in (55 cm), with an average length of about 19.7 in (50 cm). [5], The swamp rabbit is found in much of the south-central United States and along the Gulf coast. Its thick fur is dense enough to waterproof its skin, and is usually a mix of dark brown, rusty brown, and black. The fur of swamp rabbits is rusty-brown with black hairs, giving the animals a grizzled appearance. The Swamp Rabbit is a large cottontail rabbit found in swamps and wetlands of the southern US. The species has a strong preference for wet areas, and it will take to the water and swim. [6], There is concern that swamp rabbits are increasingly becoming exposed to predation, especially during snowy/wintry seasons. Other common names for the swamp rabbit include marsh rabbit and cane-cutter. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The marsh rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris) is a small cottontail rabbit found in marshes and swamps of coastal regions of the Eastern and Southern United States. Search, discover, and learn about wildlife. The fur of their head and back is generally a mixture of rusty brown, dark brown, and black. Cottontail rabbits are among the 20 lagomorph species in the genus Sylvilagus, found in the Americas. They’ve been known to hide underwater with just their noses exposed. [5] A study has found that the preferred foods of S. aquaticus are savannah panicgrass (Phanopyrum gymnocarpon), false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica), dewberry (Rubus trivialis) and greenbrier (Smilax bona-nox). is that cottontail is a rabbit of any of various species in genus (taxlink) while rabbit is a mammal of the family leporidae , with long ears, long hind legs and a short, fluffy tail. This differs from the bluish gray tail of the marsh rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris). All the members of a swamp rabbit population breed around the same time (which is called synchronous breeding). The swamp rabbit is the largest member of the cottontail family. The swamp rabbit is the largest member of the cottontail genus. [6] The head and back are typically dark or rusty brown or black, while the throat, ventral surface, and tail are white, and there is a cinnamon-colored ring around the eye. This website uses 'cookies' to give you the best, most relevant experience. Although it is larger in overall size than other cottontails, it has smaller and rounder ears and coarser fur with a more yellow cast. The swamp rabbit is the largest member of the cottontail genus. A swamp rabbit has a long black flat and naked tail and a cotton tail has a little round fluffy tail. These are eaten by the animal (coprophagy), and after further digestion the remains form drier, dark brown or black hard pellets, which are not eaten. Swamp rabbits frequent a definite local range which they refuse to leave, even when pursued by dogs. It is a dark brownish gray color peppered with black on the back and sides with a grayish-white belly. Swamp rabbits are found in the Gulf Coast and south-central region of the United States. Unlike most rabbits, they like to swim. Young leave the nest after about two weeks. The swamp rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus) is the largest of the rabbits that occur in the southeastern United States. [6], Known predators of Sylvilagus aquaticus are domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris), American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis), and humans (Homo sapiens). Swamp rabbits are adept swimmers. Description. The largest of the cottontails is the swamp rabbit, which weighs up to 6 pounds. If you've ever ran deer with dogs running a swamp rabbit is a lot like running a doe deer, they will take your dogs in big circles often times out of or close to out of hearing before circling back. They like lowlands near water -- cypress swamps, marshes, floodplains. The mountain cottontail is less than half that size, at around 2.5 pounds. Tail length averages 2 inches. Uniting all Americans to ensure wildlife thrive in a rapidly changing world, Inspire a lifelong connection with wildlife and wild places through our children's publications, products, and activities, National Wildlife Federation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Snow cover has shown to increase swamp rabbit mortality by almost two times in the northern extent of their range. 3.6 lb (1.6 kg) to 5.9 lb (2.7 kg), averaging about 4.8 lb (2.2 kg). It is a strong swimmer and found only near regions of water. He shooed it away by splashing water with a paddle. However, this feature is not present in … Similar to the eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) and the Appalachian cottontail (Sylvilagus obscurus), the underside of the tail is white. They usually cover a lot more ground a lot faster than a cottontail and will hit water without hesitation. In a Mississippi study, groups of males harvested in December and February had higher percentages of individuals with descended testes than those harvested in any other months (Class 2006). In a crock pot, you can't tell them apart. [7], S. aquaticus is the largest of the cottontail species, although its ears are smaller than of other cottontails. It is the largest cottontail in the southeast and it is also known as a "cane-cutter." Its throat and tail are white, and it has cinnamon-colored circles around its eyes. Alike yet different, is a good way to describe the eastern cottontail, the swamp rabbit, and the California jackrabbit. The ranges of these animals were originally disjunct, but O. cuniculus is now feral in the range of L. americanus.High rates of fertilization occur in rabbits inseminated with hare semen, but less than 10% of hare oocytes are fertilized with rabbit semen. Predators of swamp rabbits include the American alligator, raptors, bobcats, gray foxes, coyotes, snakes, dogs, and humans. [6] It is most abundant in Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana, but also inhabits South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Kansas, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, and Georgia. They make nests of grasses and twigs in a depression on the ground under a brush pile or log. The underside of the tail is white, giving it the common name of cottontail. Few studies have been done to examine the lifespan of the swamp rabbit, but it is estimated they live an average of 1.8 years and may live up to nine years.
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