Moreover, alder wood works well with glue and can be given a smooth finishing by sanding. For example, the ashes of the burnt tree leaves can be served as a tooth cleaner. When properly kiln dried, alder is one of the lightest of all the hardwoods, making it a favorite for building recreational vehicles that are fuel efficient. The open pores of alder also lend to the easy application of lacquer coats. Stain sinks readily into its open pores, and little stain is required to reflect a different character. In this blog post, we’ll discuss all the common types of alder wood that you must know about. Greens, grays, whites and beiges are no-brainers. For example, cherry wood is orange-colored wood. Unfortunately, it is a short-lived tree which grows round pale to dark green leaves, tiny catkins, and small fruits. It usually grows to a height of 90 feet. When Alder is cut, its wood changes color from white to orange to red, giving the appearance of bleeding, and it is thus associated with "Fear Dearg" - the "Red Man" who, according to Celtic legend, helps humans lost in the Otherworld to escape back to this reality. Alder wood is not restricted to one type, luckily, for interested customers, this versatile wood can be found in various forms. How to Repair the Wood Molding on a Window Pane. Closely related to the red alder, the white alder is again a medium-sized tree with strong, gray bark which becomes scaly as it ages. This deciduous tree boasts silver-gray bark that has the ability to reach up to the height of 30 m and 60 m in width. It can be stained to resemble most popular wood finishes, but it is a notoriously difficult wood to stain, as it often results in uneven coloring without proper preparation. In addition to cabinets, alder wood is also used for the construction of windows, doors, trims, and beam wraps. Light Oaking. If the knotty alder cabinets are natural (light tan finish), I would suggest a medium brown wood floor (hardwood, engineered wood, laminate, or vinyl – depending upon your budget).You could use the dark knots to complement the floor. Alder, or Red Alder as it is often called, grows in the Pacific Coast areas of the US and Canada. Because of its inherent straightness, alder is good for moldings. Alder wood exhibits two basic natural colors depending on the finishing technique used. Another factor that makes this wood more expensive is the fact that it requires certain finishing techniques, especially in the process of cabinet constructions. Also known as Alnus glutinosa, the black alder is European alder, belonging to the Betulaceae family. CLICK on the COLOR SWATCH to be taken to the product page. I generally select neutral colors when I am painting a room with natural wood details, whether cabinets or stain-grade trim. Even though alder can be considered bland with no real character, it can be impressive when stained and lacquered. This post will refer to Maple but Alder, Pine, and Cherry all exhibit the same properties regarding stain. The seaside alder exhibits fine-toothed, dark green leaves in summer which changes to yellow-brown in fall. Color/Appearance: Red alder tends to be a light tan to reddish brown; color darkens and reddens with age. Cost-Friendly. … Alder is a medium-density hardwood that is often used with furniture, trim, doors and finer finishing. Also called the California alder and Sierra alder, the white alder is a thin-leafed tree, native to western North America. Color consistency on Alder is better than that of Cherry or Maple. ASH. Related: Types of Wood Joinery | Types of Lumber | Types of Hardwood Flooring | Types of Pine Wood | Types of Mahogany Wood | Types of Cherry Wood | Types of Oak Wood | Types of Walnut Wood | Types of Ash Wood | Types of Beech Wood | Types of Acacia Wood | Types of Poplar Wood | Types of Ebony Wood | Types of Cedar Wood | Lumber Dimensions | Types of Teak Wood | Types of Tiger Wood | Types of Hickory Wood | Types of Fir Wood | Types of Plywood | What is MDF Board. If you want to make the most of the wood and leaves of the green alder, you can cultivate your very own green alder tree. Seaside alder wood is extracted from the seaside alder and is used for manufacturing and construction purposes. White Alder Wood. Alder Stain Colors Alder is a soft closed grained hardwood which has almost the same grain and color characteristics as Cherry. You can nail or screw alder wood without splitting or pre-drilling. The following wood species are arranged in alphabetical order. Clear red alder also resembles hardwoods like Maple or birch. Also called the California alder and Sierra alder, the white alder is a thin-leafed … It has a straight and even-textured wood grain with indistinct boundaries between the heartwood and the sapwood. This fast-growing tree, in addition to its striking leaves and ball-shaped flowers, is known for brown-colored flowers which are pollinated by wind and pests. To distinguish red alder trees from their counterparts, it is important to note that they are a broad-leaf tree with a medium size and the ability to grow up to 24 meters. Identified as a popular finish hardwood, alder wood is one of the softest hardwoods on the market after, of course, pine and poplar wood. Lacquer penetrates alder fast and hardens inside the pores to provide a glassy coating. Another distinctive physical feature includes the bark which is light brown to reddish brown in color and is often marked with various spots of colors. The Italian alder has a heart-shaped lead which is 2 to 3 cm long and 1.5 to 2 cm wide. Please note that the ideal growth of tree takes place n warm, volcanic soils. Alder wood can blend in with any kind of stain. When mixed with iron sulfate, the bark forms an intense black dye, a better alternative of galls and sumach. When first cut, black alder wood is soft and white which eventually turns into pale red and forms striking knots. The oil attained from the wood is beneficial for the treatment of illnesses like nausea, diarrhea, and muscle pain. Maple and alder are at two different points in the spectrum of cost, appearance and durability. The knots can come in a variety of shapes and colors which can cause the knots to take stain differently than the rest of the wood. Cabinetmakers prize alder for its workability, affordability and adaptability. DISTRIBUTION Principally the Pacific Northwest, where it is the most abundant commercial hardwood. Clear Alder accepts stain evenly, often making it indistinguishable from Cherry in appearance. Restoration. It is also visually similar to utility woods like Aspen and Poplar. In addition to these types, alder wood comes in other notable forms as well, establishing the fact that this solid and knotty wood offers a wide variety to builders and manufacturers. With Sherwin-Williams stain colors, you can let the natural wood shine through, match grain colors or cover unsightly blemishes. If a water white lacquer and blond shellac are used, then the Alder will take on a light gold color. Knots vary in size and distribution and include tight, sound knots as well as rustic, open and split knots. Alder is soft. Referred to as Alnus Viridis, the green alder, like other alder trees, is a deciduous tree. Orange Colored Woods. Shaddy began publishing in various magazines in 1992, and published a novel, “Dark Canyon,” in 2008. Red Oak Wood: It is a light to medium brown, commonly with a reddish cast. It also looks good with "mahogany" and "walnut" colors (which don't look right on cherry, in my opinion) and takes paint as well as poplar, if not better! While the grain may appear to be uniform, it will almost never be the case. To be specific, the tree is widely distributed from Pakistan to Nepal to Bhutan to Yunnan and to southwest China. In fact, its seeds are sown for its gorgeous white scented flowers and toothed leaves. The stains sold at home improvement centers are generally named for the types … What Type of Plywood for a Finished Countertop? Knotty Alder is chosen for its rustic, informal appearance. The bark is smooth, grayish green with lenticels. Having the scientific name – Alnus maritima, the seaside alder is a small tree species native to the United States and is popularly found in regions like Georgia, Oklahoma, Delaware, and Maryland. Always test stain on a hidden area of the wood to verify desired color. It is also soft enough for any molder knife to cut easily and can even be run through a molder faster than other hardwoods. Alder Wiping & SNW Stains Color Block Set This type of wood gets affected by pests, especially by alder flea beetles. You can find red alder wood in two kinds: clear red alder and knotty red alder. Develop a natural, evolved look in your home with items that go together comfortably but do not match exactly. To confirm your color choices, visit your neighborhood Sherwin-Williams store and refer to our in-store color cards. Alder is known as poor man's cherry. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. There is no visible distinction between heartwood and sapwood. Like the typical alder tree, Nepalese alder wood is considerably soft and hence used for making light boxes or any other small constructions. This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers.  We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. Alder is often used as a face-frame material on birch plywood cabinets. The wood obtained from this tree is used for the purposes of firewood in which the wood is brunt quite rapidly and for making charcoals. Warmer colors, like orange, brown, rust and red, work too, but the deeper tones of these colors work best. In other words, it is brawny and hard to destroy. It takes finishes almost exactly the same as cherry and the same range of colors works well on it. The colors shown are for reference purposes only. As its Latin name suggests, the leaves tend to be sticky and remain abloom well late into the autumn season. Red alder wood largely varies in shades, ranging from a light honey color to reddish brown hues. The tree has the ability to withstand several types of soil and can easily be cultivated in moist regions. Unlike other alder trees, this type of alder is not cultivated for its wood. Although classified as a hardwood, alder is one of the softest of all hardwoods and is more commonly referred to as a semi-hardwood. Alder is a moderately light and slightly soft hardwood, with a smooth surface and very little grain showing. That being said, its cinnamon-brown wood is hard to ignore and can be employed for a wide variety of uses. There is no apparent distinction between the heartwood and sapwood, as both of them are of the same light, medium, or dark shade. When prime alder is used for moldings, few -- if any -- defects, such as knots, splits or cracks, appear in the molding. The leaves are simple and slightly toothed in design. Alder is the common name of a genus of flowering plants, Alnus, belonging to the birch family Betulaceae.The genus comprises about 35 species of monoecious trees and shrubs, a few reaching a large size, distributed throughout the north temperate zone with a few species extending into Central America, as well as the northern and southern Andes. "Alder is an attractive, close-grain species, with a nice uniform color, a fine texture, and uniform density," says Miller. What Size of Bean Bag Chair Should I Buy? Alder wood is a good candidate for staining if the surface of the wood is prepared properly. It is characterized by light brown and reddish undertones. Alder is used for furniture, cabinets and picture frames, and in other custom woodworking projects. As the name implies, the tree is distinctly known for having glossy green leaves with a light green under surface. While alder is a hard wood, it is on the softer scale of hard woods, which allows it to be stained many different colors, giving you many options for your cabinetry. The tree is known for its beautiful yellow-hued flowers with nesting birds. Owing to its malleable texture, the wood is commonly known as a semi-hardwood. The General Finishes grey wood stain is highly pigmented, so one coat of stain is all you need for most applications. Alder has a light brown color with subtle grain patterns that are straighter than other hardwoods, such as oak or ash. Clear Alder is a light hardwood with no knots, having a grain pattern similar to Cherry. Red Alder Wood: Red Alder tends to be a light tan to reddish-brown; color darkens and reddens with age. When put under water, the wood turns out to be strong and long-lasting to the extent that it can be used for creating sturdy foundations of buildings. On a hardness scale, alder ranks just above pine and poplar. Older specimens in damp growing conditions feature dark spots of moss. The lower section of the tree tends to be as good as its upper part. The wood attained from the tree is used for many purposes such as making frames and cabinets. Please note that the leaf base is asymmetric while the leaf margin is serrated. Sometimes, the wood consists of grain which is usually straight and uniform, similar to Birch, only it is redder in looks. These pests prefer feeding on this tree and lay eggs in spring and summer. The Alder tree takes about 25-40 years to mature and begins to mark a decline in quality of wood after age 70 years. This odorless wood works like Black Cherry; for example, both of them possess great finishing and staining characteristics. Knotty Alder is a hardwood of medium density that features a color range of light browns with reddish hues. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Colors may vary from almost white to tan and pale, pinkish brown, with differences being accentuated when clear, light stain colors are used. SHOP NOW ALDER. The inner bark is specifically scraped to be used in different kinds of food items like cakes and salads. If you want you can even use it in its natural color. The timber extracted from a black alder tree is used for making papers, manufacturing fiberboard, and producing energy. After the inside of an RV is framed in alder, an overlay "skin" of 1/4-inch cherry, oak or other hardwood is added to the alder framework to provide the appearance of the more expensive hardwood. Reclamation. Alder's resemblance to birch hardwood -- at half the price -- makes it an acceptable substitution. Alder is carefully manufactured, dried, and inspected to ensure flat, straight, and stable lumber—making it ideal for moldings, millwork, as well as furniture and cabinets. With time, the light color of the wood tends to darken, becoming deep, intense red in shade. Like black alder trees, the flowers this tree bear are catkin which emerges in the spring season. If you’re in the market for new cabinets, there's a good chance you’ve heard about alder wood. Having the botanical name Alnus cordata, the Italian alder is a deciduous tree, belonging to the Birch family. Common Wood Species and Grade combinations when using a natural (no stain finish): Alder – (Select/Premium Grade) Alder – (Rustic Grade) Color Samples. General Finishes Gray Gel Stain. Scientifically known as “Alnus rubra”, red alder is native to western North America which includes famous regions like Alaska, Washington, Oregon, California, Montana, and British Columbia. Specializing in hardwood furniture, trim carpentry, cabinets, home improvement and architectural millwork, Wade Shaddy has worked in homebuilding since 1972. The green alder is not only lauded for its physical properties; green alder wood is exceedingly useful as it is used in the construction of furniture, manufacturing cabinets and charcoal, and smoking salmons. However, alder wood tends to stain unevenly, showing areas of light and dark. Alder has a fine, smooth, straight grain with random mineral streaks and mild color variation. Light Oaking. This alder is know as "clear" and is highly regarded by woodworkers and consumers alike. This style of finishing is often used in conjunction with knotted pieces of wood to achieve a rustic aesthetic. Unlike cherry wood, red finishing of alder wood doesn’t darken as it ages, proving to be long-lasting and durable for good. This is an In-Stock Color Block and is available for purchase as an Individual Color Block or as part of a Color Block Set. Also known as the brook alder, the seaside alder is a fast-growing, medium-sized tree, with an overall height of 20 to 30 feet and 16 to 20 feet width. They have been reproduced using digital production techniques. With color that … If the alder had a medium to darker finish on the cabinets – consider a lighter (tan) wood look on the floor. Choose an option below to learn more about how stain colors help … While green alder trees are native to the mountains of southeast Europe and the Alps, they are commonly cultivated near lakes, streams, coasts, and rivers in Canada, Alaska, and Northern Siberia. Pining. On the other hand, knotty red alder is an inexpensive choice which is commonly employed for domestic construction. It happens to be widely distributed in the foothills of northern California and southwestern Oregon. Related: Types of Ebony Wood | Types of Teak Wood | Types of Tiger Wood | Types of Hickory Wood. Clear Alder is relatively soft wood with a moderately fine, uniform grain. Stain color SW 3022 Black Alder from Sherwin-Williams. Maple vs. Alder Kitchen Doors. Alder may display pin knots, grain “fuzz” and mineral streaks. Because each wood grows unique, these stain samples will vary. Alder is typified by its consistent color, ranging from white to a light rosy-brown. The combination of alder lumber with birch plywood is standard in the industry. Knotty Alder, being true to its name, features large split knots and open knots that vary in size. Salvage. Stain should only be applied briefly to the surface of alder because the longer the stain sits on the surface, the darker the alder gets. It has a slightly blue tint to it, but the color is fairly consistent from one wood species to the next. Pilings of this wood are also used as foundations of many buildings. Alder is straight-grained and maintains its shape without warping or twisting. The thick bark protects the tree from brush fires and helps in nourishing the entire tree with food and water. Scientifically known as Alnus nepalensis, the Nepalese alder is a huge alder tree which is widely populated in the subtropical highlands of the Himalayas. Owing to tight, intertwined roots, the wood is incredibly strong and can effectively withstand storms and extreme water flows. The wood is easy to cut and shape with hands as well as machine tools. Alder is a smooth hardwood with color and graining similar to Cherry ranging from a light honey color to a reddish-brown hue. Red alder wood is extracted from the biggest species of alder tree – red alder. The end result is always highly valued as it has superb finishing, making the product supremely modern and impressive. The wood has the ability to tolerate wet sites, flooding, clay soil, and alkaline soil. Both the male and female flowers (catkins) are produced on this tree in the season of autumn. Although classified as a hardwood, alder is one of the softest of all hardwoods and is more commonly referred to as a semi-hardwood. On the other hand, the bark of this type of alder is used for dyeing and tanning as it is packed with 16 to 20% of tannic acid. The lumber is widely available and typically sold in … Red alder ranges in color from golden tan to pale reddish tan. Alder is also affordable enough to be culled, with the defective pieces saved for structural use and the prime alder going into the finest woodworking projects. One of the reasons why red alder wood is a common choice among builders and constructors is because of its workability. Alder tends to be 'amber' with age. Its figure resembles woods such as birch, maple and cherry. However, it can also grow on sand, clay, and gravel. For example, in some small Indian tribes, the wood is used for various treatment purposes. Close [] { } ... Wood Stains, Sealers & Clear Topcoats ... Due to individual computer monitor limitations, colors seen here may not accurately reflect the selected stain. Due to its weight, structural integrity and affordability, alder is often used as an internal framing material on other types of woodworking projects. Each type of wood has a characteristic color and grain pattern, and the color also can be altered with stain. Ironically, there was a time when cabinet makers would enthusiastically use amber-toned alder wood to give it off remarkable reddish-colored finishing which resembled cherry wood in appearance. […] Rustic Walnut Walnut is a very hard and elegant wood that can be used in a wide variety of applications from entertainment centers to kitchens. The greatest volume occurs around Washington's Puget Sound and in Northwest Oregon, where trees may reach heights of 120' and diameters of 36". Clear red alder tends to be pricier as compared to the knotty one. The seaside alder is cultivated in moist soil with full or partial sun exposure. This species of the tree originated in Europe, northern Africa, and southwest Asia. Its immense workability, versatility, and finishing made the hardwood achieve worldwide popularity overnight. At first glance, you might mistake red alder for aspen or paper birch because the tree has light gray bark with dark mottling. As these trees mature, they develop tapered trunks which grow up to form a huge, round crown. As it is common with other trees thriving near rivers and lakes, typical black alder maintains its leaves longer than trees in drylands. This is the reason why most cabinet builders avoid using alder wood and those who use it, only do so for its wonderful visual effects. I strongly recommend against using any kind of wood stain on Maple, Alder, Pine, and Cherry unless you are familiar with various seal-coat techniques. Red alder (Alnus rubra) grows best in moist conditions at lower elevations throughout its range. Reclamation. The grain of the wood is still visible on all the samples with one coat. Scroll down to see your wood species and hover over the photo to learn what colors are possible. Shaddy has also worked as a newspaper reporter and writer, and as a contributing writer for Bicycling Magazine. Clear Alder. Due to its overgrowing demand all across the world, it is not surprising that the wood eventually became known for its high price. The black alder is best cultivated in moist climatic regions, extending into a medium-sized tree with a height up to 30 meters. Lighter than some of its wood counterparts, this hardwood member of the birch family has been used to make gorgeous renditions of everything from guitars to dining room tables. Pining. GENERAL DESCRIPTION Alder, a relative of birch, is almost white when freshly cut, but quickly changes with exposure to air, becoming light brown with a yellow or reddish tinge. These leaves are also heated for skin treatment and some life-altering illnesses. Alder … Red alder is the most abundant hardwood timber in the Pacific Northwest. Giving your home a perfect color palette goes beyond paint. Surprisingly, the wood is soft in nature and hence additional care needs to be shown to avoid damaging the wood. Loop vs. Cut Pile Carpet (Differences and Similarities), The 2020s and Art Deco Tiles Coming Back with a Vengeance, Cortijo Juan Salvador by Marion Regitko Architects, Ladybugs (The Secret Ingredient to a Pest Free Garden). It is interesting to note that this light-brown wood with striking grain patterns came into limelight as a more affordable alternative to cherry wood, and that’s exactly how alder wood got its common name “poor man’s cherry”. PADIGLIONE AGRICOLO BRESSANELLA by a25architetti. Keep in mind that for healthy growth, the tree needs proper sunlight, regular watering, and seeds ideally sown in spring. Hello Hiram! In addition to leaves, the tree is admired for its glossy, brownish red branches which tend to blossom catkins and small cone-shaped fruits. Stain Colors. The leaves of the green alder tree boast indisputable benefits as well. Liquid & Gel Stains :. Furniture makers have used stains and varnishes for centuries, both to enhance the appearance of the grain and to change the color of the wood. Although it is classified as a hardwood species, it … Some people consider this look blotchy while others think it complements the natural features of the wood. The fact that alder is used on them is typically not disclosed, since alder is in the same family, or genus, as birch. For this reason, birch cabinets are among the most affordable of all cabinets. Some woods turn orange when exposed to sunlight. The fine-toothed leaves tend to be 3 to 8 cm in length while 2 to 6 cm wide. Large aggregate rays appear as occasional small streaks on the face grain that can be mistaken for defects in the wood.
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