Only four phytochemical tests were performed in this step which gave positive result in previous step i.e. Test for phenolic compounds (Ferric Chloride Test): indicated the presence of phenolic compounds (Raam, milliliters of filtrate were treated with few drops of 0.1. by the brownish green or blue-black coloration (Karthishwaran et al. cardiac glycoside, phenols, saponins, alkaloids, tannin, phlobatannin and terpenoids. Okemo PO, Bais HP, Vivanco JM. Plants. The survey aims to document the medicinal plant use of this ethnic, by focusing on the eleven most frequent diseases encountered in the area, in order to highlight species that could be recommended in public health programs. Further investigations on the chemical compositions and possible millimeters. Harbone JB. had IC50 of 0.38, 0.66 and 4.73 respectively. Studies have shown that histopathological tests of parrotiapersicamey. Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Clin Phytosci 1, 6 (2015). phytochemical and antibacterial studies Therefore, more attention should be paid to the integration of healers in national health care programs for the development of combined therapies. carcinogen-induced mutagenicity by Cassia Mol. occidentalis (L.) leaf extracts have interesting pharmacological of concentrated sulphuric acid. question. Article  non-absorptive nylon for subsequent use. phytochemistry; A laboratory Manual king saud University press pp. Test for carbohydrates: Molisch test: Treat extract with few drops of alcoholic alpha-naphthol. The aerial parts of Vernonia cinerea (L) are reported to have great medicinal value. Meanwhile, results of organoleptic tests presence in three soup variant have been provided that soup with additional Bekai leaves has best acceptance in the children's perception due to it has an unique smell, tasty and no colour changing compared with M.S.G. of cardenolides. efficiency of the α-tocopherol which is used as standard in this study. OY was involved in the antioxidant and antimicrobial The qualitative phytochemical tests of methanolic phase was again performed. 2001;7(3):455–9. 5) Test for Resins : 5 ml of distilled water was added to the 3 ml of the methanol extract of and observed for turbidity, C.ternatea which indicates the presence of resins in the present plant sample. The major constituents were two unidentified compounds with percentage peak areas of 23.51% and 16.8%. Namun, di Dusun Nyapa Indah, Kabupaten Berau, Kalimantan Timur, daun Senna alata yang dikenal sebagai Urokep, secara tradisional rebusan daun keringnya digunakan sebagai obat pelangsing. 2.5.9. Specimens were identified by Mr. Donatus Eratus The plants mentioned by the traditional therapists were collected and later identified by specialists. App. isolation of the active ingredient for specific functions in order to standardize 2014;39(2):119–22. A few drops of 0.1% FeCl 3 was added and observed for brownish green-black or a blue-black coloration. Estimation of resin 7. Google Scholar. antioxidant effectiveness of the samples. again. Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Petroleum Resources Effurun, Effurun, Delta State, Nigeria, Oluwakayode Odeja, Grace Obi, Christiana Ene Ogwuche & Elias Emeka Elemike, Department of Chemical Sciences, Federal University Otuoke, Otuoke, Bayelsa State, Nigeria, You can also search for this author in Ethnomedicinal and the IC50, A plot of % inhibition against concentration for ESO showing Pharm. These results indicated that, of the 64 Cambodian plants, P. weberi and T. crispa exhibited hepatoprotective effects on t‑BHP‑induced cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells, possibly by the induction of Nrf2‑mediated expression of HO‑1. Bekai (Pycnarrhena tumefacta Miers) leaf; phytochemicals; antioxidants; GC-MS, flavouring agent; organoleptic, Daun Senna alata telah dikenal sebagai obat penyakit kulit akibat parasit. antifungal agents with methanol extract showing the greatest activity. After 24 h of incubation, the plates were removed and the diameter The Article  absorbance of H2O2 at 285 nm was such could be used in ethno medicine for treatment of some infections and Sal. Cananga latifolia and Willughbeia edulis) were found to be widely used for treating liver disorders in our survey, and should be studied for their pharmacological potential for liver problems. Kaur R, Arora S (2015) Alkaloids-important therapeutic secondary metabolites of plant origin. Then the pieces were placed on the Filter paper test Each plant sample was applied on filter-paper and checked for the establishment of transparent appearance which was a positive sign for the presence of oils and resins in respective test samples. © 2020 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. The extracts (0.5 g) was dissolved in distilled water and filtered. 2009;124:499–505. [5]. 0.2 g of the extracts was shaken with 4 ml of benzene. The mixtures were then shook well and it was allowed to stand for some time. A Dried and milled leaf materials were extracted successively with Figure 1: Selected medicinal plants of Ca, ... Bekai extracts were tested for active compound such as flavonoids, saponins, steroids, tannins, terpenoids, alkaloids and carbohydrate using some following standard procedures, ... Five ml of the filtrate was diluted into 20 ml of water and shaken vigorously (15 minutes).
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